WHO WAS RAOUL WALLENBERG?
Raoul Wallenberg was a young man who went his own way. As a Swedish diplomat, he worked at the Embassy in Budapest during the final stages of World War II. His deeds in Budapest are unique; through courage, knowledge, organizational skills, audacity, and ingenuity, he was able to save tens of thousands of Jews from the Holocaust.
Raoul Wallenberg was born in Stockholm on August 27, 1912. In 1944 he was recruited by the American War Refugee Board to travel as a Swedish diplomat to Budapest. By that time, the Nazis had already sent over 435,000 Jews from the Hungarian countryside to the concentration camp in Auschwitz. In Budapest, 230,000 Jews remained, who were restrained to live in certain houses and forced to wear the yellow star of David visibly on their chests. In Budapest, Wallenberg issued protective passports and sheltered Jews in buildings designated as Swedish territory. This way, he could save tens of thousands of Jewish lives. As the Red Army arrived in Budapest towards the end of the War, they captured Raoul Wallenberg. His fate is still unknown. No Swede has had so many schools, streets, and parks, named after him as Raoul Wallenberg. There are monuments in his honor all around the world. He is an honorary citizen in a number of countries.